Communist Party of Andalusia

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Communist Party of Andalusia
Partido Comunista de Andalucía
PresidentAntonio Romero Ruiz
General SecretaryErnesto Alba
Founded1979
Youth wingCommunist Youth of Andalusia
IdeologyCommunism
Republicanism
National affiliationCommunist Party of Spain
Regional affiliationUnited Left/The Greens - Assembly for Andalusia
Parliament of Andalusia
5 / 109
Congress of Deputies
1 / 350
(within Unidas Podemos)
Website
pcandalucia.org

Communist Party of Andalusia (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de Andalucía) is the federation of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) in Andalusia.

History[edit]

PCA was founded in 1979, as the Andalusian branch of PCE was converted into a regional party.[1][2] The party supported autonomy for Andalusia, and called for a 'yes'-vote in the 1980 referendum on autonomy.[3][4] During this phase it worked in cooperation with the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party at the municipal level. At the time, Fernando Soto was the general secretary of PCA.[4]

PCA contested the 1982 Spanish parliamentary election, obtaining 211,456 votes (6.19% of the votes in Andalusia). The party was able to elect one parliamentarian to the Congress of Deputies, from the electoral district of Seville.[5][6]

In the 1983 municipal elections, at a time when the influence of PCE was decreased across Spain, the Andalusian communists were able to win a decisive victory (57.4%) in the city of Córdoba.[7] This was the sole provincial capital in which the PCE won the post of mayor in these elections. The electoral victory was largely due to the charismatic leadership of the mayoral candidate, Julio Anguita. The fourth congress of PCA, held in January 1984, decided to launch the coalition Convocatoria por Andalucía. Convocatoria por Andalucía would become a model for the statewide United Left (IU) which contested the 1986 municipal elections.[8][7][9]

Leadership and organization[edit]

PCA is led by a Central Committee.[10]

The tenth congress of PCA, held in Matalascañas March 20–21, 2010 elected José Manuel Mariscal as the new general secretary of PCA, replacing José Luis Centella (who had been elected as the general secretary of PCE in November 2009). Juan de Dios Villanueva was elected as vice general secretary.[10][11]

The twelfth congress of PCA, held in Albolote July 2, 2017 elected Ernesto Alba as the new general secretary of PCA, replacing José Manuel Mariscal.[12]

Name Period Notes
Fernando Soto [es] 1977-1981
Felipe Alcaraz 1981–2002
José Luis Centella 2002-2010
José Manuel Mariscal 2010–2017
Ernesto Alba 2017–present

References[edit]

  1. ^ Menéndez Gijón, Manuel Ángel, and Ignacio Fontes. Quién es quién: sus señorías los diputados : atlas de la democracia parlmentaria española. Foca investigación, 21. Madrid: Foca, 2002. p. 71
  2. ^ Chaffee, Lyman G. Political protest and street art: popular tools for democratization in Hispanic countries. Westport, Conn. u.a: Greenwood Press, 1993. p. 45
  3. ^ Mellado Morales, Juan de Dios, and Antonio Ramos Espejo. Memoria de la transición democrática en Córdoba. Crónica de un sueño (1973 - 83) : memoria de la transición democrática en Andalucía / ed. Juan de Dios Mellado Morales. Dir. Antonio Ramos Espejo, 5. Granada: C&T Editores, 2005. p. 100
  4. ^ a b Checa Godoy, Antonio, Carmen Espejo Cala, and María José Ruiz Acosta. ABC de Sevilla, un diario y una ciudad: análisis de un modelo de periodismo local. Ciencias de la comunicación, 5. Sevilla: Secretriado de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Sevilla, 2007. p. 154
  5. ^ Elecciones Congreso de los Diputados Octubre 1982 - Autonomía: ANDALUCIA[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Elecciones Congreso de los Diputados Octubre 1982 -Provincia: SEVILLA[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ a b Le Communisme FranÇais Et Ses MunicipalitÉs, Communisme, no 22-23. p. 81
  8. ^ Le Communisme en Europe occidentale. Communisme, no 17, 1988. Paris: L'Age d'Homme, 1988. p. 84
  9. ^ Menéndez Gijón, Manuel Ángel, and Ignacio Fontes. Quién es quién: sus señorías los diputados : atlas de la democracia parlmentaria española. Foca investigación, 21. Madrid: Foca, 2002. p. 344
  10. ^ a b Mariscal releva a Centella como nuevo secretario general del PCA con más del 82% de los votos Archived 2010-03-30 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ José Luis Centella, nuevo secretario general del PCE
  12. ^ Ernesto Alba, nuevo secretario general del PCA

External links[edit]