Dungeons & Dragons (TV series)

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Dungeons & Dragons
Dungeons and Dragons DVD boxset art.jpg
DVD cover
GenreAction
Adventure
Fantasy
Created byKevin Paul Coates
Dennis Marks
Takashi
Developed byMark Evanier
Written byKarl Geurs
Directed byJohn Gibbs
Voices ofWillie Aames
Don Most
Katie Leigh
Adam Rich
Tonia Gayle Smith
Teddy Field III
Sidney Miller
Peter Cullen
Frank Welker
Bob Holt
ComposersJohnny Douglas
Rob Walsh (additional music)
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons3
No. of episodes27
Production
Executive producersDavid H. DePatie (season 1)
Lee Gunther (seasons 1–3)
Margaret Loesch (seasons 2–3)
ProducersBob Richardson (season 1)
Karl Geurs (seasons 2–3)
AnimatorToei Animation
Running time24 minutes
Production companies
DistributorNew World Television
Release
Original networkCBS
Original releaseSeptember 17, 1983; 39 years ago (1983-09-17)[1] –
December 7, 1985 (1985-12-07)

Dungeons & Dragons is an American animated television series based on TSR's Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game.[2] It is a co-production of Marvel Productions and TSR, with the Japanese Toei Animation. It ran on CBS from 1983 through 1985 for three seasons, for a total of twenty-seven episodes.

The show focuses on a group of six friends who are transported into the realm of Dungeons & Dragons, following their adventures as they try to find a way home with the help of their guide the Dungeon Master while combating an evil wizard.[3]

A final unproduced episode would have served as both a conclusion to the story and as a re-imagining of the show, had it been picked up for a fourth season. However, it was canceled before the episode was made. The script has since been published online and was performed as an audio drama as a special feature for the BCI Eclipse DVD edition of the series.

Overview[edit]

The show focuses on a group of friends aged between 8 and 15 who are transported to the realm of Dungeons & Dragons by taking a magical dark ride on an amusement park roller coaster. Upon arriving in the realm they meet Dungeon Master (named for the referee in the role-playing game) who gives each child a magical item.

The children's main goal is to find a way home, but they often take detours to help people or find that their fates are intertwined with that of others. The group comes across many different enemies, but their primary antagonist is Venger. He is a powerful wizard who wishes to rule the realm and believes the power from the children's weapons will help him to do so. Another recurring villain is Tiamat, who is a five-headed dragon and the only creature that Venger fears.

Throughout the series, a connection is suggested between Dungeon Master and Venger. At the end of the episode "The Dragon's Graveyard", Dungeon Master calls Venger "my son". The final unproduced episode "Requiem" would have confirmed that Venger is the Dungeon Master's corrupted son (making Karena the sister of Venger and the daughter of Dungeon Master), redeemed Venger (giving those trapped in this realm their freedom), and ended on a cliffhanger where the six children could finally return home or deal with evil that still existed in the realm.

Characters[edit]

Heroes[edit]

Hank, Eric, Diana, Presto, Sheila, Bobby, and Uni in the first episode "The Night of No Tomorrow"
  • Hank, the Ranger (voiced by Willie Aames): At 15 years of age,[4] he is the leader of the group. Hank is brave and noble, maintaining a focus and determination even when presented with grave danger. Hank is a Ranger, with the magical Energy Bow that shoots arrows of glowing energy. These arrows can be used in many different ways such as a climbing tool, to hurt enemies, to bind them or to create light.
  • Eric, the Cavalier (voiced by Don Most): The Cavalier, age 15, is the spoiled child, originating from a rich home. On the surface, Eric is a big-mouthed comic relief coward. Eric has a heroic core, and frequently saves his friends from danger with his magical Griffon Shield, which can project a force field. [5]
  • Diana, the Acrobat (voiced by Tonia Gayle Smith): Diana is a brave and outspoken 14-year-old girl.[4] She is an Acrobat who carries the Javelin Staff, which can shift in length from as short as a few inches (and thus easily carried on her person) to as long as six feet.
  • Presto, the Magician (voiced by Adam Rich): the 14-year-old Wizard of the team.[4] Presto fulfills the role of well-meaning, diligent, but hopeless magic user.
  • Sheila, the Thief (voiced by Katie Leigh): As the Thief, Sheila, aged 13, has the Cloak of Invisibility which, when the hood is raised over her head, makes her invisible. She can speak and understand Fairy language due to an accidental encounter with Dungeonmaster magic.
  • Bobby, the Barbarian (voiced by Ted Field III): Bobby is the youngest member of the team at eight years old. He is the Barbarian, as indicated by his fur pants and boots, horned helmet, and cross belt harness.
  • Uni, the Unicorn (vocal effects provided by Frank Welker): Uni is Bobby's pet, a baby unicorn.
  • Dungeon Master (voiced by Sidney Miller): The group's friend and mentor, he provides important advice and help, but often in a cryptic way that does not make sense until the team has completed the quest of each episode. He supplies the companions with their weapons and clues for their numerous opportunities to return home.[6]

Villains[edit]

Venger, the main villain; trapped in "The Dragon's Graveyard"
  • Venger, the Force of Evil (voiced by Peter Cullen) - The main antagonist and the Dungeon Master's son (as revealed in "The Dragon's Graveyard" when Dungeon Master refers to him as "my son"), Venger is an evil wizard of great power who seeks to use the children's magical weapons to bolster his power.
  • Shadow Demon (voiced by Bob Holt) - A shadowy demon, he is Venger's personal spy and personal assistant. Shadow Demon often informs Venger about the children's current quests and often refers to them as "Dungeon Master's young ones".
  • Night-Mare - A black horse that serves as Venger's mode of transportation.
  • Tiamat (vocal effects provided by Frank Welker) - Venger's arch-rival is a fearsome female five-headed dragon with a reverberating multi-level voice. Her five heads are a white head breathing ice, a green head breathing toxic gas, a central red head breathing fire, a blue head breathing lightning, and a black head breathing acid.
  • Karena (voiced by Diane Pershing) - The sister of Venger and his rival in conquering their world. The unmade finale "Requiem" would've confirmed that Karena would also be Dungeon Master's daughter.

Episodes[edit]

Season 1 (1983)[edit]

No.TitleDirected byWritten byOriginal air date
1"The Night of No Tomorrow"John Gibbs & Bob RichardsonMark EvanierSeptember 17, 1983 (1983-09-17)
Tricked by Venger, Presto conjures up a horde of fire-breathing dragons to threaten the town of Helix. The kids must rescue Presto and save Helix before it is too late.
2"The Eye of the Beholder"John Gibbs & Bob RichardsonHank Saroyan, Mark Evanier, Kimmer RingwaldSeptember 24, 1983 (1983-09-24)
Led by a cowardly knight named Sir John, the children must seek and destroy an evil monster known as the Beholder to find a gateway back to their own world.
3"The Hall of Bones"John Gibbs & Bob RichardsonPaul DiniOctober 1, 1983 (1983-10-01)
Dungeon Master sends the kids on a journey to the Ancient Hall of Bones, where they must recharge their magical weapons. As usual, trouble awaits them around every corner.
4"Valley of the Unicorns"John Gibbs & Bob RichardsonPaul Dini & Karl GeursOctober 8, 1983 (1983-10-08)
Bobby and the others must rescue Uni when she is captured by a fiendish sorcerer named Kelek, who plans to remove the horns of all unicorns and steal their magical power.
5"In Search of the Dungeon Master"John Gibbs & Bob RichardsonJeffrey ScottOctober 15, 1983 (1983-10-15)
Dungeon Master is captured by Warduke and frozen in a magic crystal. When the kids discover this terrible truth, they try to rescue him before Venger gets there first.
6"Beauty and the Bogbeast"John Gibbs & Bob RichardsonJeffrey ScottOctober 22, 1983 (1983-10-22)
Eric is turned into a comical but ugly Bogbeast when he sniffs a forbidden flower. Now he must help the others of this cowardly race defeat an evil ogre who is damming The River that Runs Upside Down.
7"Prison Without Walls"John Gibbs & Bob RichardsonSteve GerberOctober 29, 1983 (1983-10-29)
The search for the gateway home leads the kids into the Swamp of Sorrow, where they meet a fearsome monster and the dwarf wizard, Lukyon, who guides them on a journey to the Heart Of The Dragon.
8"Servant of Evil"John Gibbs & Bob RichardsonJeffrey ScottNovember 5, 1983 (1983-11-05)
Bobby's birthday is ruined when Sheila and the others are captured and thrown into Venger's Prison of Agony. With Dungeon Master's guidance, Bobby and Uni must locate the prison, befriend a giant, and rescue their friends.
9"Quest of the Skeleton Warrior"John Gibbs & Bob RichardsonBuzz DixonNovember 12, 1983 (1983-11-12)
Dekkion, a spellbound ancient warrior, sends the kids to the Lost Tower, where they must face their greatest fears as they seek the Circle Of Power.
10"The Garden of Zinn"John Gibbs & Bob RichardsonJeffrey ScottNovember 19, 1983 (1983-11-19)
When Bobby is bitten by a poisonous Dragon Turtle, he and Sheila must remain in the care of a strange creature named Solarz while the others seek out an antidote - the foot of a yellow dragon - in the mysterious Garden of Zinn. To save Bobby, will Eric become a king in the realm he hates so much?
11"The Box"John Gibbs & Bob RichardsonJeffrey ScottNovember 26, 1983 (1983-11-26)
The kids find a way home at long last. But their return leaves Dungeon Master and the realm in great jeopardy as Venger seeks his chance to take over both the realm and the kids' home as well.
12"The Lost Children"John Gibbs & Bob RichardsonJeffrey ScottDecember 3, 1983 (1983-12-03)
With the help of another group of lost children, the kids must brave the dangers of Venger's castle to locate a spaceship which, according to Dungeon Master, just might take them home.
13"P-R-E-S-T-O Spells Disaster"John Gibbs & Bob RichardsonJeffrey ScottDecember 10, 1983 (1983-12-10)
Another one of Presto's spells misfires, this time leaving Presto and Uni to search for the others who are trapped in a giant's castle and pursued by a strange creature called a Slime Beast.

Season 2 (1984)[edit]

No.TitleDirected byWritten byOriginal air date
14"The Girl Who Dreamed Tomorrow"John GibbsKarl GeursSeptember 8, 1984 (1984-09-08)
The kids meet Terri, a lost child like themselves who is also a clairvoyant who can dream the future and leads them toward their doorway home - where trouble awaits. Bobby must make a heartbreaking choice to save his soulmate Terri from Venger.
15"The Treasure of Tardos"John GibbsMichael ReavesSeptember 15, 1984 (1984-09-15)
Dungeon Master warns the kids that they are in danger from the monstrous Demodragon, a half-demon, half-dragon monster capable of destroying the entire realm. Now they must find a bit of dragonsbane in order to render the monster helpless.
16"City at the Edge of Midnight"John GibbsMichael Reaves & Karl GeursSeptember 22, 1984 (1984-09-22)
The kids must seek out The City At The Edge of Midnight and save its children from The Nightwalker, who steals little children at the stroke of midnight.
17"The Traitor"John GibbsJeffrey ScottSeptember 29, 1984 (1984-09-29)
Dungeon Master warns the kids that they are about to face the most difficult trial of their lives. The others are shocked when Hank turns out to be a traitor, not only to them, but to his own courage and insight. Fortunately, it is this that leads him to redemption.
18"Day of the Dungeon Master"John GibbsMichael ReavesOctober 6, 1984 (1984-10-06)
When Dungeon Master decides to take a rest and gives Eric his Garb of Power, Venger goes after the Garb, and Eric's powers are truly put to the test.
19"The Last Illusion"John GibbsJeffrey ScottOctober 13, 1984 (1984-10-13)
When Presto finds himself lost in a forest, he sees the apparition of a beautiful young girl named Varla. Dungeon Master tells Presto that by finding the girl, he may find his way home.
20"The Dragon's Graveyard"John GibbsMichael ReavesOctober 20, 1984 (1984-10-20)
At the end of their patience with Venger ruining their attempts to return home, the kids resolve to bring the fight to him. The kids seek the help of Tiamat, the most dangerous dragon in the realm, who assists them in a confrontation with Venger and helps them get one step closer to home.
21"Child of the Stargazer"John GibbsMichael ReavesOctober 27, 1984 (1984-10-27)
Kosar, the son of an astrologer from another country, escapes from the evil Demon-Queen Syrith and involves the kids in a battle against good and evil. Diana must make a personal choice regarding going home - her soulmate Kosar, or saving a community.

Season 3 (1985)[edit]

No.TitleDirected byWritten byOriginal air date
22"The Dungeon at the Heart of Dawn"John GibbsMichael ReavesSeptember 14, 1985 (1985-09-14)
While in the Tower of Darkness, the kids open The Box of Balefire and let loose the ultimate evil called the Nameless One who is Venger's master. The Nameless One strips Dungeon Master and Venger of their powers. They must now venture to The Heart Of Dawn to restore Dungeon Master's powers while holding a truce with Venger and Shadow Demon.
23"The Time Lost"John GibbsMichael ReavesSeptember 21, 1985 (1985-09-21)
Venger has been abducting military personnel from different battles in Earth, and his latest captive is a US Air Force pilot, whose fighter jet Venger commandeers. Venger then goes to the Second World War and captures a Luftwaffe pilot named Josef, intending to give him the modern fighter jet to make World War II an Axis victory, which would change Earth's history and prevent the kids from ever being born. Josef has a severe struggle within himself about Venger's temptation to make him a war hero, although getting to know the kids revealed his true nature when he privately disposed of his swastika armband, happy to learn from the kids that his native Germany ended being "freed from that tyrant".
24"Odyssey of the Twelfth Talisman"John GibbsMark Shiney & Michael L. DePatieSeptember 28, 1985 (1985-09-28)
The Dungeon Master assigns the kids to find the missing Stone Of Astra, the Twelfth Talisman, which makes the wearer invincible. Venger, who also wants the talisman, instigates a battle and wreaks havoc.
25"Citadel of Shadow"John GibbsKatherine LawrenceOctober 12, 1985 (1985-10-12)
While fleeing an army of orcs, the kids hide in The Hills Of Never; Sheila helps a young woman named Karena trapped by a spell - whom the children discover is Venger's sister and rival in evil! With two magic rings Sheila must make a personal choice-of either going home-or saving Karena from being destroyed by Venger.
26"Cave of the Fairie Dragons"John GibbsKatherine LawrenceNovember 9, 1985 (1985-11-09)
When they are attacked by giant ants, the kids are saved by Amber, a Fairie Dragon. Amber then asks them to help rescue the Queen of the Fairie Dragons, who was kidnapped by the evil King Varin. Can the kids help the Fairie Dragons and find a portal that will take them home at last?
27"The Winds of Darkness"John GibbsMichael Cassutt & Kathy Selbert, Karl Geurs (Story)December 7, 1985 (1985-12-07)
The Darkling has created a purple fog that consumes all trapped in it, and the kids try to enlist the aid of Martha, an embittered former pupil of Dungeon Master, to save Hank from the fog and destroy The Darkling. Will Martha help them?

Unfinished finale[edit]

The intended final episode from the third season, and potential series finale, entitled "Requiem", was written by the series' frequent screenwriter Michael Reaves, but was not finished due to the show's cancellation. It would have served as both a conclusion to the current story as well as a re-imagining of the series had the show continued into a fourth season. Reaves has discussed the episode online,[7] and published the original script on his personal website.[6] The BCI Eclipse Region 1 DVD release includes the script recorded in the form of an audio drama as a special feature.

A fan-made animated version of the finale appeared online in 2020.[8] It includes the original audio drama, with animations mostly recut from the series.[9] It stars Wally Wingert as Dungeon Master and Hank, Daniel Roebuck as Eric, Jarrod Nead as Presto, Neil Kaplan as Venger, and Ryan Nead as Redeemed Venger, with Katie Leigh and Frank Welker reprising their roles as Shiela and Uni, and Katie Leigh voices Bobby.[10]

Cast[edit]

Additional voices[edit]

Reception[edit]

The level of violence was controversial for American children's television at the time, and the script of one episode, "The Dragon's Graveyard", was almost canceled because the characters contemplated killing their nemesis, Venger.[29] In 1985, the National Coalition on Television Violence demanded that the FTC run a warning during each broadcast stating that Dungeons & Dragons had been linked to real-life violent deaths.[30] The series spawned more than 100 different licenses,[31] and the show led its time slot for two years.[1][31]

Awards[edit]

For her work on the series, Tonia Gayle Smith (as "Diana") was nominated for Outstanding Young Actress in an Animation Voice-over at the 1984–1985 Youth in Film Awards.[32] In January 2009, IGN ranked Dungeons & Dragons at #64 on its "Best 100 Animated Series" list.[33]

Home media[edit]

In 2004, Contender Entertainment Group released the series on four stand-alone DVDs (under license from Fox Kids Europe/Jetix Europe). Extra features on each volume include fan commentary tracks on two episodes, character profiles, and DVD-ROM content. The original series bible, scripts, character model sheets, original promo artwork, an interview with Michael Reaves (writer on the unproduced finale episode "Requiem"), and a featurette on the title sequence are spread amongst the discs. The fourth volume includes the script for "Requiem" and a featurette about it. The four DVDs each have different original cover artwork (by Eamon O'Donoghue) that form a panorama when placed side by side, depicting the series' main characters: Hank and Sheila with Venger, Presto with Tiamat, Eric and Diana with Shadow Demon, and Bobby with Uni and Dungeon Master.

The first Region 1 DVD release, Dungeons & Dragons - The Complete Animated Series, was on December 5, 2006, by BCI Eclipse LLC, under its Ink & Paint classic animation entertainment brand (under license from Disney). The 5-disc set featured all 27 episodes, uncut, digitally re-mastered, and presented in story continuity order, as well as an extensive array of special features including documentaries, commentaries, character profiles, a radio play of the unproduced finale episode "Requiem", and more. This release is now out of print, as BCI Eclipse ceased operations in December 2008.[34]

In June 2009, Mill Creek Entertainment acquired the rights to the series and subsequently re-released the complete series on August 25, 2009 (once again under license from Disney), in a 3-disc set without any special features, but with almost all the original music restored; the release contains all the televised episodes but does not contain the radio play of "Requiem".[35]

The series was on Toon Disney's Jetix block during 2006, 2007, and 2008.[citation needed]

The complete series was streamed on Twitch on July 9, 2021, as part of the Saturday Morning D&D Secret Lair, which is a limited edition of Magic the Gathering cards showcasing characters from the cartoon, later released on October 29, 2021.[36][37][38]

Merchandise and other media[edit]

The show produced a variety of spin-off merchandise.

Board games[edit]

In 1984 TSR, Inc. released the board game named Quest for the Dungeonmaster, inspired by the episode "In Search of the Dungeon Master", in which Dungeon Master is captured by Warduke and frozen in a magic crystal, and the kids try to rescue him before Venger gets there. Brazilian company Grow released a Portuguese-language version of this game in 1993.

Books[edit]

Several books based on this series were released at the time of its highest popularity.

  • Dragones y Mazmorras. Comic book adaptations of all 27 episodes by Comics Forum, a division of Spanish publisher Editorial Planeta De Agostini under license from TSR.[39]
  • Pick a Path to Adventure books. Six gamebooks written from the point of view of one of the children, each focused on a different character (though Eric's book gave the protagonism to his younger brother Michael, who did not appear in the cartoon series). These books were released by TSR.[40]
  • UK Annuals. Two hardcover books published in the United Kingdom in 1985 and 1987 by World International Publishing Limited, each including various prose stories. The first featured seven original adventures, while the second only included three, plus Comics Forum's adaptation of "The Eye of the Beholder" (translated as "The Eye of the Watchman!").
  • Marvel Summer Special 1987. Published in the United Kingdom. An English-language reprint of Comics Forum's adaptation of the episode "Prison Without Walls".
  • Donjons et Dragons: Published in France, a six-book collection adapting different episodes in storybook form.
  • Forgotten Realms: The Grand Tour: One-shot comic book published by TSR in 1996. Features the now-adult protagonists still living in a Dungeons & Dragons world, this time the Forgotten Realms, with Presto seeking an apprenticeship with Elminster the Sage.[41]

Card games[edit]

In June 2021, Wizards of the Coast announced a "Secret Lair set" for Magic the Gathering based on the animated series.[42]

Music[edit]

A full orchestral version of the Dungeons & Dragons animated series main theme, composed by Johnny Douglas, was released as the sixth track of the 1991 album The Johnny Douglas Strings - On Screen, published by the label Dulcima,[43] a record label founded by Douglas in 1983.[44]

Television advertisements[edit]

The characters were licensed for a Brazilian live-action television advertisement, released in May 2019 to promote the launch of Renault's Kwid Outsider.[45][46] It was shot in Salta, in Argentina, near the Andes mountain range.[47]

Toys and collectibles[edit]

An Advanced Dungeons & Dragons toy line was produced by LJN in 1983,[48] including original characters such as Warduke, Strongheart the Paladin, and the evil Wizard Kelek, who would later appear in campaigns for the Basic Set of the roleplaying game. None of the main characters from the TV series are in the toy line, but Warduke, Strongheart, and Kelek each appear in one episode of the series. Only in Spain and Portugal were PVC figures of the main characters produced.[49][50] The Brazilian company Iron Studios will release in 2019 an entire set of polystone collectible statues for most of the Dungeons & Dragons cartoon characters, using a 1/10 scale and forming a full diorama.[51] PCS Collectibles announced for June–August 2019, two versions of Venger in 1:4 scale, both fully sculpted and hand painted polystone statues.[52][53] In 2022, Hasbro launched the Cartoon Classics action figurine series based on Dungeons & Dragons.[54]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dungeons & Dragons FAQ". Wizards of the Coast. Archived from the original on October 2, 2008. Retrieved October 3, 2008.
  2. ^ Perlmutter, David (2018). The Encyclopedia of American Animated Television Shows. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 174. ISBN 978-1538103739.
  3. ^ Erickson, Hal (2005). Television Cartoon Shows: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 1949 Through 2003 (2nd ed.). McFarland & Co. p. 298. ISBN 978-1476665993.
  4. ^ a b c "Archive of Development of the Dungeons and Dragons Cartoon: Series Bible". Mark Evanier. Archived from the original on October 6, 2007. Retrieved October 6, 2010.
  5. ^ "Point of view, by Mark Evanier". NewsFromMe.com. Retrieved November 1, 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Requiem" (PDF). Michael Reaves. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 20, 2011.
  7. ^ "Final Episode of Dungeons and Dragons". July 20, 2011. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011.
  8. ^ "Fans Create Ending To 80s D&D Cartoon". July 28, 2021.
  9. ^ "D&D: The Fan-Made Final Episode Of The D&D Cartoon Is Heart-Melting". July 28, 2021.
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ "Katie Leigh (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  12. ^ "Frank Welker (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  13. ^ "Willie Aames (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  14. ^ "Don Most (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  15. ^ "Adam Rich (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  16. ^ "Peter Cullen (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  17. ^ "Teddy Field III (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  18. ^ "Sidney Miller (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  19. ^ "Tonia Gayle Smith (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  20. ^ "Bob Holt (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  21. ^ "Laurie O'Brien (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 19, 2022.
  22. ^ "Jennifer Darling (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 19, 2022.
  23. ^ "Gary Goren (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 19, 2022.
  24. ^ "Georgi Irene (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 19, 2022.
  25. ^ "Maia Mattisse (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 19, 2022.
  26. ^ "Diane Pershing (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 19, 2022.
  27. ^ "Hank Saroyan (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 19, 2022.
  28. ^ "Russi Taylor (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved November 19, 2022.
  29. ^ "Preface to Requiem: The Unproduced Dungeons and Dragons Finale". MichaelReaves.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved May 23, 2007.
  30. ^ Starker, Steven (1989). Evil Influences: Crusades Against the Mass Media. Transaction Publishers. p. 153. ISBN 9780887382758.
  31. ^ a b "The History of TSR". Wizards of the Coast. Archived from the original on September 24, 2008. Retrieved August 20, 2005.
  32. ^ "Seventh Annual Youth in Film Awards: 1984-1985". Young Artist Awards. Archived from the original on November 14, 2010. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
  33. ^ "Top 100 Animated Series". IGN. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  34. ^ "Site News DVD news: Navarre shutters BCI Eclipse division". TVShowsOnDVD.com. December 18, 2008. Archived from the original on May 31, 2010.
  35. ^ Lambert, David (June 16, 2009). "Dungeons and Dragons - Mill Creek Acquires the License to the Classic '80s Cartoon". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on June 19, 2009. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  36. ^ "WotC Twitter Post". Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  37. ^ "Saturday Morning D&D". Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  38. ^ "Dungeons & Dragons Cartoon to Stream on Twitch". GAMING. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  39. ^ "Kuronons': D&D comics history special - D&DC (animated serie) related". March 13, 2011. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
  40. ^ "Dungeons and Dragons Cartoon Show books". RPGGeek. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  41. ^ Forgotten Realms: The Grand Tour (January 1996)
  42. ^ "Dungeons & Dragons Cartoon Resurrected as Magic: The Gathering Secret Lair Cards". GAMING. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  43. ^ "The Johnny Douglas Strings - On Screen". Discogs.com. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  44. ^ "Dulcima". Discogs. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  45. ^ "KWID | O SUV dos compactos". Renault Brasil (in Brazilian Portuguese). Archived from the original on June 5, 2019.
  46. ^ "Hit dos anos 1980, Caverna do Dragão volta à TV em comercial para a Renault" [1980s Hit 'Dragon's Cave' returns to TV in a commercial for Renault]. O Globo (in Brazilian Portuguese). May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  47. ^ "Descobrimos o que é o live-action de 'Caverna do Dragão'" [We found out about the live-action 'Dragon's Cave']. UOL (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  48. ^ "Series 1 & 2 of the original LJN toyline at toyarchive.com". Retrieved January 23, 2008.
  49. ^ "Spanish set of PVC figures based on the TV series at toyarchive.com". Retrieved January 23, 2008.
  50. ^ "Portuguese set of PVC figures based on the TV series at toyarchive.com". Retrieved January 23, 2008.
  51. ^ "Caverna do Dragão | Iron Studios lança coleção de estatuetas da animação - NerdBunker" [Dragon's Cave: Iron Studios Launches Animation Figurines Collection]. Jovem Nerd (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  52. ^ "PCS Collectibles Announces Dungeons & Dragons VENGER 1:4 Statue". Comics-X-Aminer. May 27, 2018. Archived from the original on April 1, 2019.
  53. ^ "Dungeons and Dragons Venger Statue by Pop Culture Shock". Sideshow Collectibles. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  54. ^ "Hasbro to release Dungeons & Dragons Cartoon Classics Toy Series in January 2023". September 23, 2022.

External links[edit]