Lake Iseo

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Lake Iseo
LagoIseo.jpg
Lake Iseo
Lake Iseo is located in Lombardy
Lake Iseo
Lake Iseo
Lake Iseo.png
map
LocationLombardy
Coordinates45°43′N 10°05′E / 45.717°N 10.083°E / 45.717; 10.083Coordinates: 45°43′N 10°05′E / 45.717°N 10.083°E / 45.717; 10.083
Native name
Primary inflowsOglio
Primary outflowsOglio
Catchment area1,777 km2 (686 sq mi)
Basin countriesItaly
Max. length25 km (16 mi)
Surface area65.3 km2 (25.2 sq mi)
Average depth124 m (407 ft)
Max. depth251 m (823 ft)
Residence time8.8 years
Surface elevation185 m (607 ft)
IslandsMonte Isola, Loreto, St. Paul
Settlementssee article

Lake Iseo or Iseo lake (US: /ˈz/ ee-ZAY-oh;[1] Italian: Lago d'Iseo [ˈlaːɡo diˈzɛːo]; Eastern Lombard: Lach d'Izé), also known as Sebino (Italian: [seˈbiːno]; Latin: Sebinus), is the fourth largest lake in Lombardy, Italy, fed by the Oglio River.

It is in the north of the country in the Val Camonica area, near the cities of Brescia and Bergamo. The lake is almost equally divided between the provinces of Bergamo and Brescia. Northern Italy is known for its heavily industrialised towns and in between there are several natural lakes. Lake Iseo retains its natural environment, with its lush green mountains surrounding the crystal clear lake.

There are several medieval towns around the lake, the largest being Iseo and Sarnico. A notable tourism sector has emerged. A road has been carved into the side of the mountains that circumnavigates the entire lake. In the middle of the lake there are Montisola island, Loreto isle and San Paolo isle (which compound the Monte Isola municipality). There is easy access via the regular running lake ferries.[2]

The Floating Piers, an art installation by Christo and Jeanne-Claude, was open to the public at Lake Iseo for 16 days in June and July 2016. The Floating Piers were a series of walkways installed at Lake Iseo near Brescia. From June 18 to July 3, 2016, visitors were able to walk just above the surface of the water from the village of Sulzano on the mainland to the islands of Monte Isola and San Paolo. The floating walkways were made of around 200,000 polyethene cubes covered with 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) of bright yellow fabric: 3 km (1.9 mi) of piers moved on the water; another 1.5 km (0.93 mi) of golden fabric continued along the pedestrian streets in Sulzano and Peschiera Maraglio. After the exhibition, all components were to be removed and recycled. The installation was facilitated by the Beretta family, owners of the oldest active manufacturer of firearm components in the world and the primary sidearm supplier of the U.S. Army. The Beretta family owns the island of San Paolo, which was surrounded by Floating Piers walkways. The work was a success with the Italian public and critics as well.

Since 2018, the northern portion of the lake (called Alto Sebino) has been part of the UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve of "Valle Camonica - Alto Sebino".[3][4]

Valle Camonica - Alto Sebino Biosphere Reserve
Lake Iseo 2.jpg
View of Alto Sebino from Grignaghe
LocationLombardy, Italy
Area1,355.65 square kilometres (523.42 sq mi)
Established2018
Governing bodyComunità Montana di Valle Camonica
Websitehttp://www.cmvallecamonica.bs.it

Hydrography[edit]

The Sarnico Dam

The level of the lake is regulated by the Sarnico Dam, built in 1933 in Fosio. The work, built in concrete and steel, is managed by the Consorzio dell'Oglio which divides the water withdrawn between irrigation uses and hydroelectric uses.[5]

Tributaries[edit]

In addition to the Oglio River, the lake is fed by the following creeks and streams:

  1. Bergamo shore:
  2. Brescia shore:

Settlements[edit]

Around the shore of the lake are some small towns:

The Comunes of Lake Iseo
Brescia
Bergamo

Iseo1.jpg
A view of the town of Iseo, in the southern part of the lake

Two smaller islands, Loreto and St. Paul, are privately owned.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Iseo, Lake". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Lake Iseo Ferryboat". Navigazione Lago Iseo. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  3. ^ UNESCO (26 July 2018). "Twenty-four new sites join UNESCO's World Network of Biosphere Reserves 26 July 2018". Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  4. ^ UNESCO. "Valle Camonica – Alto Sebino Biosphere Reserve, Italy". Archived from the original on 1 November 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  5. ^ Clemente, R. (4 November 2013). "Sarnico: la diga compie 80 anni Difende il lago, irriga la Bassa" [Sarnico: the dam is 80 years old(. It) defends the lake, irrigates the low (Bergamo and Brescia provinces)] (in Italian). L'eco di Bergamo.

External links[edit]